quarta-feira, 11 de novembro de 2009

Off-topic: Apagão e Imposto

Perdoem fugir do tema aviação, mas - assistindo ao Jornal Nacional - lembrei-me que nos é cobrado um encargo na conta de luz, o chamado "Encargos de Serviços do Sistema", o "Imposto-Apagão", criado no governo FHC para manter a confiabilidade e a estabilidade do Sistema Interligado Nacional para o atendimento do consumo de energia elétrica no Brasil (Homologado pela ANEEL - Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica - por meio da Resolução nº 290, de 4 de agosto de 2000).

Lembrando: São 50% para quem exceder o consumo de 200 KWh/mês e 200% para quem ultrapassar 500 KWh/mês. E mais: o ICMS cobrado, incide sobre o consumo somado com o esse encargo, maquiado de "sobretaxa" . É imposto sobre imposto. Em cascata...

Em 2002, foi instituído o "seguro-apagão" (Lei 20.438), em razão da crise de energia no país. Cobrado mensalmente nas contas de energia elétrica, com a denominação de ECE (Encargo de Capacidade Emergencial), deveria ser utilizado para pagar o aluguel de usinas de energia termelétricas para que estas ficassem à disposição para serem acionadas no caso de uma situação de escassez de energia no mercado.

Como não li ou ouvi muitos comentários sobre o assunto, resolvi trazê-lo à tona. Sabe como é, sai governo, entra governo...

Lembrando mais:

- Blecaute de 11 de março de 1999

- Escândalo do apagão

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